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00a_preface This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 21% 176 8,690 Browse
00b_foreword This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 71% 622 29,022 227 Browse
01_the-debian-project This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 59% 4,952 169,317 1,413 26 3 Browse
02_case-study This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 68% 537 17,098 176 3 1 Browse
03_existing-setup This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 65% 919 23,584 246 2 1 Browse
04_installation This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 58% 2,789 97,013 400 32 1 Browse
05_packaging-system This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 49% 4,393 147,431 1,370 1 3 Browse
06_apt This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 40% 9,117 247,099 3,183 4 1 Browse
07_solving-problems This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 47% 2,129 53,719 583 Browse
08_basic-configuration This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 50% 7,888 216,815 1,861 211 Browse
09_unix-services This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 58% 5,774 158,061 1,841 2 Browse
10_network-infrastructure This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 41% 5,551 180,879 1,045 83 1 Browse
11_network-services This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 28% 16,563 318,257 3,658 8 Browse
12_advanced-administration Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 42% 7,374 322,123 1,345 8 Browse
13_workstation This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 33% 5,374 114,856 1,248 97 Browse
14_security This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 38% 6,943 254,746 931 12 3 Browse
15_debian-packaging This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 40% 2,799 101,719 444 2 Browse
70_conclusion This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 37% 378 14,834 21 1 Browse
90_derivative-distributions This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 45% 1,022 30,082 276 Browse
92_short-remedial-course This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 50% 2,309 70,868 638 Browse
99_backcover This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 64% 71 3,740 13 Browse
99_website This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 72% 119 2,254 17 4 Browse
Author_Group This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 81% 19 19 29 Browse
Book_Info This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 57% 160 2,979 12 6 Browse
debian-handbook This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 Browse
Revision_History This component is linked to the Debian Handbook/12_advanced-administration repository. Fix this component to clear its alerts. GPL-2.0 84% 12 16 1 Browse
Language Translated Strings of total Untranslated Untranslated words Checks Suggestions Comments
Arabic (Morocco) 73% 73% 1,714 61,073 1,947 3 Browse
Chinese (Simplified) 53% 53% 3,025 100,011 1,080 182 1 Browse
Chinese (Traditional) 45% 45% 3,508 108,593 509 Browse
Croatian 2% 2% 6,322 167,508 106 6 Browse
Czech 22% 22% 4,993 139,098 432 Browse
Danish 0% 0% 6,463 170,327 Browse
Dutch 25% 25% 4,853 137,512 266 Browse
English 2,529 6 Browse
French 73% 73% 1,689 60,356 1,850 Browse
German 73% 73% 1,697 60,751 688 6 1 Browse
Greek 2% 2% 6,329 168,282 97 1 Browse
Indonesian 76% 76% 1,512 52,875 496 Browse
Italian 73% 73% 1,697 60,751 1,180 Browse
Japanese 76% 76% 1,532 53,716 2,223 4 Browse
Korean 3% 3% 6,226 165,154 58 Browse
Norwegian Bokmål 73% 73% 1,698 60,752 1,277 Browse
Persian 71% 71% 1,859 65,638 1,423 1 Browse
Polish 21% 21% 5,074 143,958 607 30 Browse
Portuguese (Brazil) 74% 74% 1,672 59,703 1,038 Browse
Romanian 1% 1% 6,396 169,506 31 Browse
Russian 58% 58% 2,676 76,931 806 264 7 Browse
Spanish 73% 73% 1,693 60,636 866 2 Browse
Swedish 39% 39% 3,896 132,985 781 2 Browse
Turkish 0% 0% 6,442 170,189 16 Browse
Vietnamese 22% 22% 5,024 138,916 617 Browse

You can stop the firewall executing -> You can stop the firewall by executing

14 hours ago
Using <command>apt</command> is so convenient that it makes it easy to forget about the lower-level tools, but the easiest way of installing a compiled kernel is to use a command such as <command>dpkg -i <replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</command>, where <literal><replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</literal> is the name of a <emphasis role="pkg">linux-image</emphasis> package such as <filename>linux-image-4.19.37-falcot_1_amd64.deb</filename>.
使用 <command>apt</command> 极为便利,以致常忘记它是极为低级的工具,但是安装被编译的核心可使用更简单的工具,诸如 <command>dpkg -i <replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</command>,<literal><replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</literal> 是 <emphasis role="pkg">linux-image</emphasis> 软件包的名称,例如 <filename>linux-image-4.19.37-ckt4-falcot_1_amd64.deb</filename>。
17 hours ago
The symbols table helps developers understand the meaning of a kernel error message; without it, kernel “oopses” (an “oops” is the kernel equivalent of a segmentation fault for user-space programs, in other words messages generated following an invalid pointer dereference) only contain numeric memory addresses, which is useless information without the table mapping these addresses to symbols and function names.
符号表协助开发者了解核心错误消息的意义;少了心,核心 “oopses” (“oops” 是相当于给用户程序的核心区段错误,换句话说,消息加上错误指针) 只有数字内存地址,没有符号表映射该等地址至符号与功能的话,本身是无意义的。
17 hours ago
A Debian kernel package installs the kernel image (<filename>vmlinuz-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>), its configuration (<filename>config-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) and its symbols table (<filename>System.map-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) in <filename>/boot/</filename>. The modules are installed in the <filename>/lib/modules/<replaceable>version</replaceable>/</filename> directory.
Debian 核心软件包安装核心映像 (<filename>vmlinuz-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>)、其配置 (<filename>config-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) 与符号表 (<filename>System.map-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) 于 <filename>/boot/</filename> 内。该等模块安装在 <filename>/lib/modules/<replaceable>version</replaceable>/</filename> 文件夹。
17 hours ago

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>cd ~/kernel/linux-source-4.9</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>make clean</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>zcat /usr/src/kernel-patches/diffs/grsecurity2/grsecurity-3.1-4.9.11-201702181444.patch.gz | patch -p1</userinput>

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>cd ~/kernel/linux-source-4.9</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>make clean</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>zcat /usr/src/kernel-patches/diffs/grsecurity2/grsecurity-3.1-4.9.11-201702181444.patch.gz | patch -p1</userinput>
17 hours ago

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo apt install dahdi-dkms</userinput>
<computeroutput>
[...]
Setting up xtables-addons-dkms (2.12-0.1) ...
Loading new xtables-addons-2.12 DKMS files...
Building for 4.19.0-5-amd64
Building initial module for 4.19.0-5-amd64
Done.

dahdi_dummy.ko:
Running module version sanity check.
- Original module
- No original module exists within this kernel
- Installation
- Installing to /lib/modules/4.19.0-5-amd64/updates/dkms/
[...]
DKMS: install completed.
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo dkms status</userinput>
<computeroutput>dahdi, DEB_VERSION, 4.19.0-5-amd64, x86_64: installed
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo modinfo dahdi_dummy</userinput>
<computeroutput>filename: /lib/modules/4.19.0-5-amd64/updates/dkms/dahdi_dummy.ko
license: GPL v2
author: Robert Pleh &lt;robert.pleh@hermes.si&gt;
description: Timing-Only Driver
[...]
</computeroutput>

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo apt install dahdi-dkms</userinput>
<computeroutput>
[...]
Setting up xtables-addons-dkms (2.12-0.1) ...
Loading new xtables-addons-2.12 DKMS files...
Building for 4.19.0-5-amd64
Building initial module for 4.19.0-5-amd64
Done.

dahdi_dummy.ko:
Running module version sanity check.
- Original module
- No original module exists within this kernel
- Installation
- Installing to /lib/modules/4.19.0-5-amd64/updates/dkms/
[...]
DKMS: install completed.
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo dkms status</userinput>
<computeroutput>dahdi, DEB_VERSION, 4.19.0-5-amd64, x86_64: installed
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo modinfo dahdi_dummy</userinput>
<computeroutput>filename: /lib/modules/4.19.0-5-amd64/updates/dkms/dahdi_dummy.ko
license: GPL v2
author: Robert Pleh &lt;robert.pleh@hermes.si&gt;
description: Timing-Only Driver
[...]
</computeroutput>
17 hours ago
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>make deb-pkg LOCALVERSION=-falcot KDEB_PKGVERSION=$(make kernelversion)-1
</userinput><computeroutput>[...]
$ </computeroutput><userinput>ls ../*.deb
</userinput><computeroutput>../linux-headers-4.19.37-falcot_4.19.37-1_amd64.deb
../linux-image-4.19.37-falcot_4.19.37-1_amd64.deb
../linux-libc-dev_4.19.37-1_amd64.deb
</computeroutput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>make deb-pkg LOCALVERSION=-falcot KDEB_PKGVERSION=$(make kernelversion)-1
</userinput><computeroutput>[...]
$ </computeroutput><userinput>ls ../*.deb
</userinput><computeroutput>../linux-headers-4.19.37-falcot_4.19.37-1_amd64.deb
../linux-image-4.19.37-falcot_4.19.37-1_amd64.deb
../linux-libc-dev_4.19.37-1_amd64.deb
</computeroutput>
17 hours ago

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>cp /boot/config-4.19.0-5-amd64 ~/kernel/linux-source-4.19/.config</userinput>

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>cp /boot/config-4.19.0-5-amd64 ~/kernel/linux-source-4.19/.config</userinput>
17 hours ago

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>mkdir ~/kernel; cd ~/kernel</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>tar -xaf /usr/src/linux-source-4.19.tar.xz</userinput>

<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>mkdir ~/kernel; cd ~/kernel</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>tar -xaf /usr/src/linux-source-4.19.tar.xz</userinput>
17 hours ago
We assume the <emphasis role="pkg">linux-source-4.19</emphasis> package has been installed. It contains <filename>/usr/src/linux-source-4.19.tar.xz</filename>, a compressed archive of the kernel sources. You must extract these files in a new directory (not directly under <filename>/usr/src/</filename>, since there is no need for special permissions to compile a Linux kernel): <filename>~/kernel/</filename> is appropriate.
假设 <emphasis role="pkg">linux-source-4.19</emphasis> 软件包已安装好了。包括 <filename>/usr/src/linux-source-4.19.tar.xz</filename>,核心源代码的压缩档。在另个文件夹解缩 (不能直接在 <filename>/usr/src/</filename> 之下,因为不需特别的授权就可以重新编译 Linux 核心):<filename>~/kernel/</filename> 是个不错的选择。
17 hours ago
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