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635 Strings 93% Translate
15,385 Words 83%

Translation Information

Project website https://debian-handbook.info/
Mailing list for translators debian-handbook-translators@lists.alioth.debian.org
Instructions for translators

https://debian-handbook.info/contribute/

Translation process
  • Translations can be made directly.
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  • Any authenticated user can contribute.
  • The translation uses bilingual files.
Translation license GNU General Public License v2.0 or later
Repository https://salsa.debian.org/hertzog/debian-handbook.git
Repository branch buster/master
Last remote commit Drop draft status bd654cd4
Raphaël Hertzog authored 10 days ago
Repository containing Weblate translations https://hosted.weblate.org/git/debian-handbook/12_advanced-administration/
Filemask*/08_basic-configuration.po
Translation file ja-JP/08_basic-configuration.po
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

New string to translate 10 days ago
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Resource update

Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

Resource update 10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

Using <command>apt</command> is so convenient that it makes it easy to forget about the lower-level tools, but the easiest way of installing a compiled kernel is to use a command such as <command>dpkg -i <replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</command>, where <literal><replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</literal> is the name of a <emphasis role="pkg">linux-image</emphasis> package such as <filename>linux-image-4.19.30-ckt47-falcot_1_amd64.deb</filename>.
10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

A Debian kernel package installs the kernel image (<filename>vmlinuz-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>), its configuration (<filename>config-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) and its symbols table (<filename>System.map-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) in <filename>/boot/</filename>. The symbols table helps developers understand the meaning of a kernel error message; without it, kernel “oopses” (an “oops” is the kernel equivalent of a segmentation fault for user-space programs, in other words messages generated following an invalid pointer dereference) only contain numeric memory addresses, which is useless information without the table mapping these addresses to symbols and function names. The modules are installed in the <filename>/lib/modules/<replaceable>version</replaceable>/</filename> directory.
10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

<emphasis>CULTURE</emphasis> Character setsThe symbols table
10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

A Debian kernel package installs the kernel image (<filename>vmlinuz-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>), its configuration (<filename>config-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) and its symbols table (<filename>System.map-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) in <filename>/boot/</filename>. The symbols table helps developers understand the meaning of a kernel error message; without it, kernel “oopses” (an “oops” is the kernel equivalent of a segmentation fault for user-space programs, in other words messages generated following an invalid pointer dereference) only contain numeric memory addresses, which is useless information without the table mapping these addresses to symbols and function names. The modules are installed in the <filename>/lib/modules/<replaceable>version</replaceable>/</filename> directory.
10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

Before DKMS, <emphasis role="pkg">module-assistant</emphasis> was the simplest solution to build and deploy kernel modules. It can still be used, in particular for packages lacking DKMS integration: with a simple command like <command>module-assistant auto-install xtables-addonsdadhi</command> (or <command>m-a a-i xtables-addonsdahdi</command> for short), the modules are compiled for the current kernel, put in a new Debian package, and that package gets installed on the fly.
10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese


<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo apt install xtables-addonsdahdi-dkms</userinput>
<computeroutput>
[...]
Setting up xtables-addons-dkms (2.12-0.1) ...
Loading new xtables-addons-2.12 DKMS files...
Building for 4.19.0-35-amd64
Building initial module for 4.19.0-35-amd64
Done.

xt_ACCOUNTdahdi_dummy.ko:
Running module version sanity check.
- Original module
- No original module exists within this kernel
- Installation
- Installing to /lib/modules/4.19.0-35-amd64/updates/dkms/
[...]
DKMS: install completed.
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo dkms status</userinput>
<computeroutput>xtables-addons, 2.12dahdi, DEB_VERSION, 4.19.0-35-amd64, x86_64: installed
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo modinfo xt_ACCOUNTdahdi_dummy</userinput>
<computeroutput>filename: /lib/modules/4.19.0-35-amd64/updates/dkms/xt_ACCOUNTdahdi_dummy.ko
license: GPL
alias: ipt_ACCOUNT
author: Intra2net AG &lt;opensource@intra2net.com&gt;
description: Xtables: per-IP accounting for large prefixes
v2
author: Robert Pleh &lt;robert.pleh@hermes.si&gt;
description: Timing-Only Driver

[...]
</computeroutput>
10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

For example, let's look at the <emphasis role="pkg">xtables-addonsdahdi-source</emphasis> package: after installation, a <filename>.tar.bz2</filename> of the module's sources is stored in <filename>/usr/src/</filename>. While we could manually extract the tarball and build the module, in practice we prefer to automate all this using DKMS. Most modules offer the required DKMS integration in a package ending with a <literal>-dkms</literal> suffix. In our case, installing <emphasis role="pkg">xtables-addonsdahdi-dkms</emphasis> is all that is needed to compile the kernel module for the current kernel provided that we have the <emphasis role="pkg">linux-headers-*</emphasis> package matching the installed kernel. For instance, if you use <emphasis role="pkg">linux-image-amd64</emphasis>, you would also install <emphasis role="pkg">linux-headers-amd64</emphasis>.
10 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationJapanese

These external packages are many and varied and we won't list them all here; the <command>apt-cache search source$</command> command can narrow down the search field, <command>apt-cache rdepends module-assistant$</command> can show the list provided by Debian. However, a complete list isn't particularly useful since there is no particular reason for compiling external modules except when you know you need it. In such cases, the device's documentation will typically detail the specific module(s) it needs to function under Linux.
10 days ago
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Percent Strings Words Chars
Total 635 15,385 122,992
Translated 93% 591 12,873 102,829
Needs editing 5% 36 2,089 16,879
Failing check 32% 209 4,458 40,660

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Last change April 9, 2018, 10:52 a.m.
Last author Galina Anikina

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