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635 Strings 85% Translate
15,385 Words 73%

Translation Information

Project website https://debian-handbook.info/
Mailing list for translators debian-handbook-translators@lists.alioth.debian.org
Instructions for translators

https://debian-handbook.info/contribute/

Translation process
  • Translations can be made directly.
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  • Any authenticated user can contribute.
  • The translation uses bilingual files.
Translation license GNU General Public License v2.0 or later
Repository https://salsa.debian.org/hertzog/debian-handbook.git
Repository branch buster/master
Last remote commit Drop draft status bd654cd4
Raphaël Hertzog authored 9 days ago
Repository containing Weblate translations https://hosted.weblate.org/git/debian-handbook/12_advanced-administration/
Filemask*/08_basic-configuration.po
Translation file id-ID/08_basic-configuration.po
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New string to translate

Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian

New string to translate 9 days ago
Resource update 9 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian

Using <command>apt</command> is so convenient that it makes it easy to forget about the lower-level tools, but the easiest way of installing a compiled kernel is to use a command such as <command>dpkg -i <replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</command>, where <literal><replaceable>package</replaceable>.deb</literal> is the name of a <emphasis role="pkg">linux-image</emphasis> package such as <filename>linux-image-34.16.7-ckt49.37-falcot_1_amd64.deb</filename>.
9 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian

A Debian kernel package installs the kernel image (<filename>vmlinuz-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>), its configuration (<filename>config-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) and its symbols table (<filename>System.map-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) in <filename>/boot/</filename>. The symbols table helps developers understand the meaning of a kernel error message; without it, kernel “oopses” (an “oops” is the kernel equivalent of a segmentation fault for user-space programs, in other words messages generated following an invalid pointer dereference) only contain numeric memory addresses, which is useless information without the table mapping these addresses to symbols and function names. The modules are installed in the <filename>/lib/modules/<replaceable>version</replaceable>/</filename> directory.
9 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian

<emphasis>CULTURE</emphasis> Character setsThe symbols table
9 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian

A Debian kernel package installs the kernel image (<filename>vmlinuz-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>), its configuration (<filename>config-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) and its symbols table (<filename>System.map-<replaceable>version</replaceable></filename>) in <filename>/boot/</filename>. The symbols table helps developers understand the meaning of a kernel error message; without it, kernel “oopses” (an “oops” is the kernel equivalent of a segmentation fault for user-space programs, in other words messages generated following an invalid pointer dereference) only contain numeric memory addresses, which is useless information without the table mapping these addresses to symbols and function names. The modules are installed in the <filename>/lib/modules/<replaceable>version</replaceable>/</filename> directory.
9 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian


<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>cd ~/kernel/linux-source-3.164.9</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>make clean</userinput>
<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>zcat /usr/src/kernel-patches/diffs/grsecurity2/grsecurity-3.0-3.17.1-2014102500271-4.9.11-201702181444.patch.gz | patch -p1</userinput>
9 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian

Debian distributsometimes provides some of these patches in <emphasis role="pkg">linux-patch-*</emphasis> or <emphasis role="pkg">kernel-patch-*</emphasis> packages (for instance, <emphpackages but they often don't make it into stable releasies role="pkg">linux-patch-grsecurity2</emphasis>, which tightens some of the kernel's security policies(sometimes for the very same reasons that they are not merged into the official upstream kernel). These packages install files in the <filename>/usr/src/kernel-patches/</filename> directory.
9 days ago
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian

Before DKMS, <emphasis role="pkg">module-assistant</emphasis> was the simplest solution to build and deploy kernel modules. It can still be used, in particular for packages lacking DKMS integration: with a simple command like <command>module-assistant auto-install xtables-addonsdadhi</command> (or <command>m-a a-i xtables-addonsdahdi</command> for short), the modules are compiled for the current kernel, put in a new Debian package, and that package gets installed on the fly.
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Debian Handbook / 08_basic-configurationIndonesian


<computeroutput>$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo apt install xtables-addonsdahdi-dkms</userinput>
<computeroutput>
[...]
Setting up xtables-addons-dkms (2.6-12-0.1) ...
Loading new xtables-addons-2.612 DKMS files...
First Installation: checking all kernels...
Building only for 34.169.0-45-amd64
Building initial module for 34.169.0-45-amd64
Done.

xt_ACCOUNTdahdi_dummy.ko:
Running module version sanity check.
- Original module
- No original module exists within this kernel
- Installation
- Installing to /lib/modules/34.169.0-45-amd64/updates/dkms/
[...]
DKMS: install completed.
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo dkms status</userinput>
<computeroutput>xtables-addons, 2.6dahdi, DEB_VERSION, 34.169.0-45-amd64, x86_64: installed
$ </computeroutput><userinput>sudo modinfo xt_ACCOUNTdahdi_dummy</userinput>
<computeroutput>filename: /lib/modules/34.169.0-45-amd64/updates/dkms/xt_ACCOUNTdahdi_dummy.ko
license: GPL
alias: ipt_ACCOUNT
author: Intra2net AG &lt;opensource@intra2net.com&gt;
description: Xtables: per-IP accounting for large prefixes
v2
author: Robert Pleh &lt;robert.pleh@hermes.si&gt;
description: Timing-Only Driver

[...]
</computeroutput>
9 days ago
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Percent Strings Words Chars
Total 635 15,385 122,992
Translated 85% 545 11,366 90,392
Needs editing 10% 64 2,832 23,148
Failing check 3% 25 1,679 13,567

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Last change April 9, 2018, 4:26 p.m.
Last author Andika Triwidada

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