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The applications menus can be further customized by administrators through system-wide configuration files as described by the “Desktop Menu Specification”. End-users can also customize the menus with graphical tools such as <emphasis role="pkg">kmenuedit</emphasis> (in KDE), <emphasis role="pkg">alacarte</emphasis> (in GNOME) or <emphasis role="pkg">menulibre</emphasis>. <ulink type="block" url="http://standards.freedesktop.org/menu-spec/latest/" />
SourceTranslationState
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<primary><command>awk</command></primary>
<primary><command>awk</command></primary>
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Menu Management
菜单管理
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<primary><command>menu</command></primary>
<primary><command>菜单</command></primary>
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<primary><command>update-menus</command></primary>
<primary><command>更新-菜单</command></primary>
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Modern desktop environments and many window managers provide menus listing the available applications for the user. In order to keep menus up-to-date in relation to the actual set of available applications, each package usually provides a <filename>.desktop</filename> file in <filename>/usr/share/applications</filename>. The format of those files has been standardized by FreeDesktop.org: <ulink type="block" url="http://standards.freedesktop.org/desktop-entry-spec/latest/" />
现代桌面环境和许多窗口管理器提供用户应用程序菜单列表。为了保持菜单与实际的应用程序更新一致,每个软件包提供一个 <filename> .desktop</filename>文件放到 <filename>/usr/share/applications</filename>目录。这些文件的格式由 FreeDesktop.org:<ulink type="block" url="http://standards.freedesktop.org/desktop-entry-spec/latest/" /> 来标准化。
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The applications menus can be further customized by administrators through system-wide configuration files as described by the “Desktop Menu Specification”. End-users can also customize the menus with graphical tools such as <emphasis role="pkg">kmenuedit</emphasis> (in KDE), <emphasis role="pkg">alacarte</emphasis> (in GNOME) or <emphasis role="pkg">menulibre</emphasis>. <ulink type="block" url="http://standards.freedesktop.org/menu-spec/latest/" />
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<emphasis>HISTORY</emphasis> The Debian menu system
<emphasis>历史</emphasis> Debian 菜单系统
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Historically — way before the FreeDesktop.org standards emerged — Debian had invented its own menu system where each package provided a generic description of the desired menu entries in <filename>/usr/share/menu/</filename>. This tool is still available in Debian (in the <emphasis role="pkg">menu</emphasis> package) but it is only marginally useful since package maintainers are encouraged to rely on <filename>.desktop</filename> files instead.
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Graphical Desktops
图形桌面
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The free graphical desktop field is dominated by two large software collections: GNOME and KDE. Both of them are very popular. This is rather a rare instance in the free software world; the Apache web server, for instance, has very few peers.
自由图形桌面领域有两个大集合团队统治:GNOME 和 KDE。两者都很流行。这种情况在自由软件世界相当罕见;譬如,Apache 网络服务器,就鲜有对手。
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<primary>graphical desktop</primary>
<primary>图形桌面</primary>

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Glossary

Source Translation
collection of tools 工具集
device file 设备文件
files 文件
GOING FURTHER 进阶阅读
system 系统
TOOL 工具

Source information

Flags
xml-text
Source string age
3 years ago
Translation file
zh-CN/​13_workstation.po, string 73
String priority
Medium